Described and Illustrated
Embroidery stitches with instructions will supply those who desire to use the needle in the cause of home decoration, and those who take delight in making their homes beautiful, an opportunity to vary or increase their knowledge and efforts.
The embroidery stitches are listed in alphabetical order to make finding the stitch you want easier.
Embroidery Stitches A to Z A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z A Algerian Stitch The Algerian Stitch is a kind of Cross stitch somewhat akin to Cretan stitch, but worked on canvas. It may be worked as a single or double stitch. (See Double Algerian Stitch.) To learn more, see Algerian Stitch. All-over Stitch The All-over Stitch is a stroke stitch used to work groundings where no particular pattern is desired. To learn more, see All-over Stitch. Alphabet Stitch The Alphabet Stitch is actually a couching stitch used in making monograms. To learn more, see Alphabet Stitch. Anchor Stitch This anchor stitch is a decorative stitch, similar to Horn stitch, but with a longer middle portion. To learn more, see Anchor Stitch. Applique Stitch The Applique stitch is used in appliqué work to attach one material to another. To learn more, see Applique Stitch. Arrow-head Stitch Au Passe Stitch The Au Passe Stitch is a flat Satin Stitch, worked across the material, with no raised foundation. To learn more, see Au Passe Stitch. B Back Stitch The Back Stitch is a simple stitch used to outline areas in embroidery. When completed, it resembles machine stitching. To learn more, see Back Stitch. Backstitched Chain Worked with heavy thread and contrasting colors makes this stitch very interesting. To learn more, see Backstitched Chain. Barred Witch Stitch See Fancy Herringbone Stitch. Basket Stitch The Basket stitch, a distinctive stitch from that used in Basket Couching, is a kind of Cross Stitch. It can produce a variety of beautiful effects. To learn more, see Basket Stitch. Battlemented Stitch The Battlemented Stitch (often called the Battlement Stitch) is a series of stitches to represent the top of castles, etc. in embroidery. It is often done with the Overcast, Holbein, or Point de Russe stitch. Easy to do and quite effective. To learn more, see Battlemented Stitch. Bead Stitch The bead stitch is a Satin Stitch used making representations of rows of beads. To learn more, see Bead Stitch. Beading Stitch The Beading Stitch is a loop or knot, formed over the principal thread. It is used where very light sprays of flowers and/or leaves are needed in a design. To learn more, see Beading Stitch. Berry Stitch The Berry Stitch is used for working berries, seeds of fruit, etc. To learn more, see Berry Stitch. Binding Stitch Bird’s Eye Stitch The Bird’s Eye Stitch is a sort of chain stitch, from a central point, the loop caught down by a short stitch. To learn more, see Bird's Eye Stitch. Blanket Stitch Blanket stitch is a simple but effective stitch, not only for binding edges of material, but as a decorative stitch as well. To learn the many possibilities, To learn more, see Blanket Stitch. Blind-Stitch Border Stitch The Border stitch is a great stitch if you need a border design. The stitch is one you probably already know but is worked just a little differently. To learn more, see Border Stitch. Brick Couching Brick couching stitch consists of cords that are laid side by side and fastened down with over stitches alternating with each other on every other row the work. To learn more, see Brick Couching. Brick Darning Stitch Brick Stitch Brick stitch is really a system of running or darning. A number of rows the same length are stitch horizontally. Rows of stitches are then embroidered vertically, alternating between rows. The result is that of brick work. To learn more, see Brick Stitch. Brier Stitch It is sometimes called Cat Stitch or Coral Stitch as well as other names and is used in sewing as well as in embroidery. To learn more, see Brier Stitch. Broad Chain This stitch is best worked with heavier thread for maximum effect. To learn more, see Broad Chain. Bulgarian Stitch The Bulgarian Stitch is a heavy outline stitch consisting of several rows of Kensington Outline Stitch, set side by side. To learn more, see Bulgarian Stitch. Bullion Stitch Add richness to your embroidery by using the Bullion Stitch for stems and leaves. It is great for adding dimension to almost any project. To learn more, see Bullion Stitch. Bullion and Star Stitch A variation of the Bullion Stitch and Star stitch combined. A beautiful combination. To learn more, see Bullion Stitch. Buttonhole Stitches The buttonhole stitches, also called “Overcast” stitches, are worked in the hand. Other stitches in the Buttonhole Stitch category are the “Fish-net Stitch,” the Honeycomb Stitch, and the “Cat, Brier, or Coral” stitch. To learn more, see Buttonhole Stitches. C Cable Plait Stitch Cable Stitch The Cable Stitch is another variation of the Chain Stitch. It is made in the same manner as the Chain Stitch, except that the needle is inserted to the right and a little below the loop preceding. To learn more, see Chain Stitch Variations. Capturing Stitch The Capturing Stitch is used for borders or as an all-over stitch. To learn more, see Capturing Stitch. Carpet Stitch A term sometimes applied to varieties of Cross stitch, Cashmere stitch, and a Rug Stitch. To learn more, see Carpet Stitch. Cashmere Stitch The Cashmere Stitch, also knwn as Condensed Cashmere Stitch, is supposed to, when completed, look like cashmere. It is a needlepoint stitch worked on canvas. To learn more, see Cashmere Stitch. Cat Stitch This is another name for the Brier Stitch. To learn more, see Brier Stitch. Catch Stitch Chain Stitch Also called Plain or Common Chain Stitch. The Chain Stitch is a basic but very important embroidery stitch. It is used mainly for outlining. To learn more, see Chain Stitch. Chequered Chain As the name implies, the finished work is two colors, both threaded into the same needle. To learn more, see Chequered Chain. Coral Stitch This is another name for the Brier Stitch. To learn more, see Brier Stitch. Cord Stitch The Cord Stitch is a twisted stitch made by securing it with a stitch at the farthest side and twisting the needle around and around this laid thread back to the starting point. To learn more, see Cord Stitch. Couching Stitch The couching stitch is a stitch used to "couch" or fasten down cord, silk, or thread to form an outline of a design. To see the many variations of this stitch, or to learn more, see Couching Stitch. Covered Knot Stitch Cretan Stitch The Cretan Stitch is a creative filling stitch often used for leaves and petals in the traditional embroidery. It is also a popular stitch for crazy quilts. To learn more, see Cretan Stitch. Cross Stitch This is the first to be learned in doing canvas-work. On Java or ordinary canvas one-half crosses diagonally from left to right, and the other half in just the opposite direction. To learn more, see Cross-Stitch. Cushion Stitch The Cushion Stitch is arranged in a series of geometrical Vandykes or half circles and gives the appearance of woven fabric. To learn more, see Cushion Stitch. D Damask Stitch Damask Stitch is a name given to Satin stitch when worked upon linen for household purposes. To learn more, see Damask Stitch. Darning The Simple Darning Stitch consists in running parallel lines of alternating stitches. To learn more, see Darning Stitch. Diaper Couching Stitch The Diaper Couching Stitch is done by taking one long stitch diagonally across the form, then another at a distance of from one-eighth to one-fourth of an inch, and so on across the space.This is repeated diagonally across the already sewn threads. A smaller stitch is then stitched at each intersection. For more information, please see Diaper Couching Stitch. Dot Stitch The Dot Stitch is a good stitch to use to fill flower centers and much more. It is also known as Point de Pois, point d’Or, Point de Poste, and Dotted. It is usually worked in outline and overcast stitches. To learn more, see Dot Stitch. Double Algerian Stitch The Double Algerian Stitch is, as its name implies, the Algerian Stitch using two different colors of silk. To learn more, see Double Algerian Stitch. Double Bullion Stitch Double Buttonhole Double Chain This Chain Stitch variation is useful for bands. It is worked between a double line. To learn more, see Double Chain. Double Coral Stitch Double Cross Stitch Double Herringbone Stitch The Double Herringbone Stitch is a variation of the regular Herringbone stitch, although worked slightly different. It is made up of two rows of herringbone intertwined. Two different colors of threads can be used with this stitch. To learn more, see Double Herringbone Stitch. Double Leviathan Stitch Double Matrimony Stitch Double Net Stitch Double Outline Stitch Double Reverse Chain Stitch Another variation of the Common Chain Stitch and worked like the Single Reverse Chain Stitch except doubled. To learn more, see Chain Stitch Variations. Double Running Stitch To learn more, see Holbein Stitch. E Embossed Button-hole Stitch F Faggot Stitches Faggoting is both useful and quite beautiful. It is used in joining of two pieces of material by means of an insertion stitch. To learn more, see Faggoting. Fancy Herringbone Stitch The Fancy Herringbone Stitch is also known as the Barred Witch Stitch. The addition of another thread, possibly in a different color can create a beautiful stitch. To learn more, see Fancy Herringbone Stitch. Feather Stitch The Feather Stitch can cause some confusion among those following Victorian instructions. Earlier version of this stitch were made using the long and short stitch. Later versions,the stitch became synonymous with the Coral stitch. To learn more, see The Feather Stitch. Figure Stitch This is the Satin stitch that is used for working raised figures. To learn more, see Figure Stitch. Filling Cross Stitch See Janina Stitch. Filling Stitch Filling-in Black Stitch Fish-net Stitch The Fish-net (or Fish Net) Stitch is a filling stitch that is made the same way as the Honeycomb stitch with the exception that most of the stitches are not stitched through the fabric. To learn more, see Fish Net Stitch. Fish Scale Stitch The Fish Scale stitch is a perfect embroidery stitch to represent fish scales. It has many other uses such as seascapes, etc. To learn more, see Fish Scale Stitch. Flat Spider Stitch French Knot The French Knot is a small but very important stitch to know. It can add so much to an embroidery piece like no other stitch can. To learn more, see French Knot Stitch. Frill Basket Stitch G German Stitch The German Stitch is a great stitch for borders where the foundation can be left exposed but is rarely used for another popular application. For more information, see: German Stitch. Gobelin Stitch The Gobelin Stitch is a filling stitch much like the Kensigton Filling Stitch except it is strictly regular instead of irregular. It forms a complete surface of stichery. To learn more, see Gobelin Stitch. Gordian Knot Stitch Grouped Star Stitches H Half Solid Kensington This stitch is more commonly known as the "Long and Short" stitch. To learn all about it, see Half-Solid Kensington Stitch. or Long and Short Stitch. Half-back Stitching Hem Stitch Hemstitching Hemstitching is a form of Drawn Work that has unlimited border design potential. It can only be worked upon fabrics that can be readily drawn. To learn more, see Hemstitching. Herringbone Stitch This stitch is also known as the Witch Stitch. The beauty of this stitch depends entirely upon the execution. Every stitch requires to be put in at an exact distance from the last. To learn more, see Herringbone Stitch. Holbein Stitch The Holbein stitch, which goes by a number of other names, is most commonly used in blackwork. To learn more, see Holbein Stitch. Honeycomb Stitch The Honeycomb Stitch is used to draw together in an ornamental pattern the gathers on clothing but is also for all kinds of decorative gathering. Care must be taken when using this stitch. To learn more, see Honeycomb Stitch. I Irish Stitch The Irish Stitch is used in Berlin Work as a “filling in” or “grounding” stitch. To learn more, see Irish Stitch Iron Berlin work Ismit Stitch The Ismit Stitch, also known as the Turkish Cross Stitch, is an adaptation of the Herringbone Stitch and is used to fill long leaves and petals and is generally seen in conventional roses. To learn more, see Ismit Stitch. Italian Hemstitch The Italian Hemstitch is a drawn hemstitch that is quite beautiful. Discover how to use this beautiful stitch in one of your embroidery projects. To learn more, see Italian Hemstitch. Italian Stitch See Holbein Stitch. J Janina Stitch The Janina stitch, also known as the Filling Cross Stitch, is often used when embroidering leaves. It can have many different looks depending on how it is stitch. To learn more, see Janina Stitch. Japanese Stitch The Japanese Stitch is a modification of the Stem stitch. It is often used to depict water or ground in an embroidered landscape. To learn more, see Japanese Stitch. K Kensington Stitch The Kensington stitch is also known as "Solid Embroidery", the “Feather Stitch” stitch, and by some as just the repetition of the Long and Short Stitch. To learn more, see Kensington Stitch. Kensington Outline Stitch The Kensington stitch is one of the most used outline stitches. It is a reverse back stitch and , although care must be taken with to hide the outline on the material, is an easy stitch to master. To learn more, see Kensington Outline Stitch. Knotted Cord Stitch The knotted cord stitch is an easy stitch to make and The Knotted Cord stitch is made with one thread only making a close series of knots in a row. To learn more, see Knotted Cord Stitch. Knot Stitch The Knot stitch is also called Knotted. It is used in embroidery to form lines decorated at set distances with Knots. It is also used in Drawn Work to tie threads together in variously arranged patterns. There are many variations of this stitch. To learn more, see Knot Stitch. Knotted Stitch See Knot Stitch. L Ladder Stitch The ladder stitch, often used in ornamental embroidery. As it’s name implies, the embroidery pattern looks like a ladder. After the stitching is complete, the fabric is cut away from between the stitching. To learn more, see Ladder Stitch. Laid Stem Stitch To learn more, see Raised Overcast Stitch. Lattice Stitch The Lattice stitch is used in making borders of uniform width. Worked much like the Ismit Stitch, it is quite easy to do and provides a pretty pattern to embroidery projects. To learn more, see Lattice Stitch. Lazy Daisy Stitch also known as the Link Stitch, is a popular chain stitch variation. Use often to embroider daisies and other simple flowers. To learn more, see Lazy Daisy Stitch. Leaf Stitch is a combination of three easy stitches and makes a beautiful leaf! To learn this stitch, see Leaf Stitch. Leviathan Stitch Line or Double Line Stitch See Holbein Stitch. Long and Short Stitch The Long and Short Stitch is the foundation of all solid embroidery and it is the most important stitch to master. To learn all about it, see Long and Short Stitch. Loop Stitch The Loop Stitch is an easy embroidery used to make very small leaves and also as a powedering. To learn more, see Loop Stitch. M Mexican Stitch Over the course of time, different stitches have become known as the Mexican Stitch. Both can be used for ornamental embroidery work and one can be used as a faggoting stitch. To learn more, see Mexican Stitch. Mourning Hem Stitch N O Open Chain is a member of the Chain stitch family. It is suitable for bands and is worked between two lines. To learn more, see Open Chain. Outline Stitches Outline stitches, which there are many, are stitches that follow the outline of a design and are usually considered as accessory only to others. Very good work, however, may be done with them alone. To learn more, see Outline Stitches. Overcast Stitch Overcast stitch is an outline stitch made somewhat like the Satin Stitch but without varying width. To learn more, see Overcast Stitch. Overlap Stitch The Overlap Stitch is an embroidery stitch used when scrolls or tendrils are to be done in solid raised work. To learn more, see Overlap Stitch. P Padding Stitch Close Satin stitch is worked over a raised or padded grounding. To learn more, see Padding Stitch. Pattern Darning Stitch When the Pattern Darning Stitch is employed, all the work is done upon the background, and the design is left clear. To learn more, see Pattern Darning Stitch. Persian Cross Stitch The Persian Cross Stitch is another variation of the Herringbone Stitch. It can be used as a filling stitch or in rows. Learn more about this versatile embroidery stitch, see Persian Cross Stitch. Persian Stitch The Persian Stitch is a variation of the Herringbone, but the stitches are not so close as to overlap. The result is a braid-like band. To learn more, see Persian Stitch. Picot Stitch Picot Stitch, also known as Loop Stitch, was used in Ticking work and other fancy Embroideries, and to ornament plain linen. To learn more, see Picot Stitch. Picots Picots are ornamental knotted stitches used in embroidery to decorate edges or borders. There is a great variety and others may easily be invented. To learn more, see Picots. Plain flat couching Plush Stitch Plush Stitch gives a soft, dimensional look to your embroidery. To find out how, see Plush Stitch. Point de Bruxelies Point de Feston Point de Riz Point de Riz is another name for the Rice Stitch. To see an illustration of this stitch and how it can be used in a Au Passe design, see Point de Riz Stitch. To learn more about the Rice Stitch, see click here. Point Natte Point Natte Stitch is a fancy outlining stitch consisting of a succession of slanting stitches on each side of an outline. It is easy and fast. To learn more, see Point Natte Stitch. Point Russe Q Queen Anne Stitch The Queen Anne, or Weaving Stitch, is a regular, fine darning stitch. Darning, of various kinds, is now largely used in embroidery, principally in backgrounds. To learn more, see Queen Anne Stitch. R Railway Stitch The Railway Stitch is aptly named for its quick execution when used in embroidery. Also known as the chemin de fer or loop stitch. To learn more, see Railway Stitch. Raised Chain Band This stitch is a good border stitch which straight threads are made at right angles to the direction of the border. To learn more, see Raised Chain. Raised Overcast Stitch The Raised Overcast Stitch is sometimes called the Laid Stem Stitch. It gives a heavy raised outline effect suitable for elaborate work. To learn more, see Raised Overcast Stitch. Raised Rope Outline Stitch The Raised Rope Outline Stitch is aptly named. The raised rope effect is especially handsome in heavy silk. To learn more, see Raised Rope Stitch. Reverse Cat Stitch Reverse Chain Stitch Ribbon Stitch A Satin stitch which gives the appearance of narrow ribbon. To learn more, see Ribbon Stitch. Rice Stitch The Rice Stitch is used extensively in Rice Embroidery, which is a White Embroidery. It is used as a fill-in stitch and is quite easy to do. To learn more, see Rice Stitch. Robe Stitch Roman Stitch Roman Stitch is one of the nicest solid stitches to use for leafs and other forms showing a mid-rib. To learn more, see Roman Stitch. Rope Stitch Rope Stitch gives a heavy twisted effect, which is much richer than any of the other Chain Stitches. It is often used to create the look of couching where actual couching stitches would not be acceptable to use. To learn more, see Rope Stitch. or Chain Stitch Variations. Running Stitch S Satin Stitch The Satin Stitch consists of placing parallel stitches completely over a given form, allowing no break in the surface. To learn more, see Satin Stitches. Scallop Stitch Seed Stitch The seed stitch is quite a versatile stitch. It can be used for texture and even shading. To learn more, see Seed Stitch. Ship-Ladder Stitch looks just as its name implies. It is an easy, but interesting stitch, that will add interest to any embroidery project. See what it is all about here. Ship-Ladder Stitch. Simplex Stitch Single Brier Stitch Single Reverse Chain Stitch The Single Reverse Chain Stitch is a variation of the Common Chain Stitch. The same effect as the Common Chain Stitch is achieved, but the method and direction of working it is reversed, hence its name. To learn more, see Chain Stitch Variations. Slip or Bind-Stitch Slip Stitch Snail Trail Stitch The Snail Trail Stitch is a popular and effective stitch for stems and outlining where a fine spotted tracery or broken effect is desired. To learn more, see Snail Trail Stitch. Snow Flake Stitches Solid Button-Hole Stitch Solid Embroidery Stitch Solid Kensington Stitch Solid Overlap Stitch In Solid Overlap a circular or oval form is covered with successive rows of the Overlap Stitch. To learn more, see Solid Overlap Stitch. Spanish Stitch See Holbein Stitch. Spanish Laid Work Spider Web Stitch The Spider Web Stitch, which looks as its name implies, is used for conventional embroidery for filling spaces, within circles or between scrolls. To learn more, see Spider Web Stitch. Split Stitch The Split Stitch is a wise choice to use when a narrow outline is required. It may be worked in the hand, however, using a frame will use less silk. To learn more, see Split Stitch. Spot Stitch Square-and-Circle Stitch This stitch pattern is an alternating two squares connected by a bar and a circle. It is great for borders, large or small. To learn more, see Square-and-Circle Stitch. Star Stitch Star Stitches Stem or Outline Stitch The Stem Stitch is an embroidery outline stitch that is very useful for stems of flowers as well as adding a balance to many designs. This stitch allows them embroiderer to choose the width of the stem or outline. To learn more, see To learn more, see Stem Stitch. T Tambour Stitch The Tambour Stitch is another variation of the Chain stitch and can scarcely be classed strictly as an embroidery stitch. It requires a special needle that has a hook on the end. To learn more, see Chain Stitch Variations. Tapestry Stitch The Tapestry stitch is another stitch that may cause some confusion to those using Victorian patterns and instructions. While most instructions refer to it as a version of the long and short stitch for backgrounds, another stitch, otherwise known as the Tent stitch, is often called the Tapestry stitch, also. To learn more, see Tapestry Stitch. Tent Stitch Tete de Boeuf Stitch The Tete de Boeuf stitch derives its name from its shape - the ox head. It is a useful stitch in Ticking and ornamental work. To learn more, see Tete de Boeuf. Thorn Stitch The Thorn Stitch is a line of interlaced loops resembling Single Coral Stitch, used to make thorns in embroidery. Simple yet effective. To learn more, see Thorn Stitch. Tongue Stitch Treble Leviathan Stitch Trellis Stitch The Trellis stitch is a great filling stitch. It is a “Mount Mellick” (Mountmellick) stitch. Used in any design, Mountmellick or not, it will add a great element to your embroidery piece. To learn more, see Trellis Stitch. Tufted Stitch The Tufted Stitch is also called the Plush Stitch. To learn more see Plush Stitch. Turkish Cross Stitch The Turkish Cross Stitch is also known as the Ismit Stitch. It is an adaptation of the Herringbone Stitch and is used to fill long leaves and petals and is generally seen in conventional roses. To learn more, see Ismit Stitch. Twisted Chain-Stitch Twisted Couching Stitch Twisted Outline Stitch The Twisted Outline Stitch adds a richness to embroidery pieces. The thread is twisted after being brought up through the fabric and before sending the needle down. To learn more, see Twisted Outline Stitch. U V Vine Chain Stitch W Weaving Stitch The Weaving Stitch is also known as the Queen Anne Stitch. It is a regular, fine darning stitch. To learn more, see Queen Anne Stitch. Wheat Ear Is a combination of a single chain stitch and a stroke stitch. To learn more, see Wheat Ear. Wheat Ear, Continuous The Continuous Wheat Ear is worked between two lines and is suitable for working grasses and leaves. To learn more, see Continuous Wheat Ear. Wheat Ear, Single The Single Wheat Ear is often used as spot motif. To learn more, seea Single Wheat Ear. Wheel Stitch Whipped Chain Stitch Whipped Stitch is a decorative, two color variation of the Chain Stitch. To learn more, see Whipped Chain. Witch Stitch See Herringbone Stitch. Wound Knot Stitch. Wound Stitch The wound stitches are those for the execution of which the thread is turned one or more times around the needle before it is sent through the fabric. To learn more, see Wound Stitches. X Y Z
Zigzag Chain Stitch This is another variation of the Chain Stitch. As the name implies, a completed chain of these stitches forms a zigzag pattern. To learn more, see Zigzag Chain.
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