The Medallion Antimacassar herein described, was published in Cassell’s Household Guide in 1869. This kind of dainty work was well loved and was placed almost anywhere in the house for all to see. Note: This article has been edited for use on this site.
Garland Medallion Antimacassar, in Raised Crochet Instructions
Click on picture to see more detail.
The design of our present illustration is one of a new fashioned raised kind. Fig. 1 represents the antimacassar complete; Fig. 2, below, a single medallion.
Nine medallions complete the antimacassar. Work easily, not very tight.
The Double Stocks
Eight of these are required to form each garland.
Make a ring of eight chain, and work into it twelve double crochet.
1st Round. — 1 d.c. 3 chain; miss 1. Repeat 5 times more; 6 in all.
2nd Round. — Into the first loop work 1 d.c, and 5 tr. and 1 d.c. with 2 chain between every one of them. Repeat in each of the other 5 loops.
3rd Round. — 1 d.c. between the two d.c. of last round, 4 chain. Repeat.
4th Round. — Precisely the same as 2nd.
5th Round.— The same as 3rd, but 5 chain instead of 4.
6th Round. — Precisely the same as 4th round.
When you have got to the third tr. in the last petal of the second stock; join it by 1 plain to the third petal of the last stock.
The stocks are all joined by a single petal each side in a straight row, leaving two petals free at the top and bottom of every stock. The last of the eight stocks is joined to the first, and this makes a ring. Next work
This is made in the usual way, but with eight petals in every round. In case our readers do not happen to know the way, we subjoin full directions. Make a ring of 10 chain, and work into it 16 d.c.
1st Round. — 1 d.c. 3 chain; miss 1. Repeat 7 times more.
2nd Round. — Into every one of the eight loops of 3 chain work 1 d.c; 5 tr. 1 d.c.
3rd Round. — 1 d.c. between every 2 d.c. of last round, with 4 chain between each. Keep these chain at the back of the petals formed by the 2nd round.
4th Round. —Same as 2nd, but 7 tr. instead of 5.
5th Round. — Same as 3rd, but 5 chain instead of 4,
6th Round. — Same as 4th, but 9 tr. instead of 7.
7th Round. — Same as 5th, but 6 chain instead of 5,
8th Round. — Same as 6th, but 11 tr. instead of 9.
9th Round. — Same as 7th, but 7 chain instead of 6.
10th Round. — Same as 8th, but 13 tr. instead of 11.
This completes the rose. To join it to the garland,Work
11th Round. — 1 d.c. between the 2 d.c. of last row. Four chain, one plain into the centre of the first under petal of the first stock. Three chain, 1 d.c. on the centre stitch of the first petal of the rose. Three chain, 1 plain into the second under petal of the first stock. Four chain. Repeat till the 8 stocks are thus joined to the 8 petals of the rose.
The Border of the Medallion
1st Round. — 1 d.c. into the d.c. that unites the first and second stocks together; make a guipure loop (that is, 8 chain, 1i plain back on the fifth to make a dot; again 8 chain, 1 plain back on the fifth to make a dot; 3 chain); d.c. into the centre of the first upper petal of the second stock; make a guipure loop; 1 d.c. into the centre of second upper petal of the second stock; make a guipure loop. Repeat all round.
2nd Round. — 1 d.c. into the first guipure loop between the two dots; 10 chain, 1 d.c. into the centre of the next guipure loop; 7 chain, 1 more d.c. into the same place; 10 chain, 1 d.c. into the centre of the next guipure loop; 12 chain. Repeat all round.
To Join the Medallions
Eight of the medallions are joined round one, which forms the centre. Every medallion is joined by two of the loops of seven chain, and the one loop of twelve chain between them. Thus : — In working the last row of the second medallion, "*1 d.c. into first guipure loop between the two dots; 10 chain, 1 d.c. into the centre of the next loop between the two dots.*"
Now, instead of continuing by working 7 chain, work 3 chain, and one plain into the fast loop of 7 chain of the first Medallion; 3 chain, 1 d.c. into the same place as the last d.c. Then instead of 12 chain, 6 chain, 1 plain into the first chain of 12 in the first medallion; six chain, 1 d.c. into the next guipure loop of the second medallion; six chain, 1 d.c. into the next guipure loop of the second medallion.
Then instead of 7 chain, 3 chain again, and one plain into the second loop of 7 of the first medallion. Finish the last row of the second medallion as you did the first one. Join all the medallions together in the same way; leaving two of the little points made by the 7 chain between them each side. Make them into a ring by joining the first to the last, as you have joined all the others together. Thus there are four chains of 7 united in each medallion, two to the centre and one at each side. The three loops of 12 chain between the 7 are also united.
To Insert the Centre of Garland Medallion Antimacassar
Having united the eight medallions in a ring, take the ninth. Work into every loop of chain stitches a double crochet, and between each a guipure loop with two dots. Into every little point made by the 7 chain of a former row, work two double crochet with a guipure loop between like the others.
2nd Round. — 1 d.c. into the first double loop of last round, 9 chain, 1 d.c. into the same loop, 12 chain 1 d.c. into the next guipure loop of last round between the two dots; 12 chain again, and 1 d.c. into the centre of the next guipure loop, 13 chain, one plain back on the eighth from the needle to make a loop of seven. Then 6 chain, 1 d.c. into the next guipure loop; 12 chain, 1 d.c. into the next guipure loop, 12 chain. Repeat.
3rd Round. —1 d.c, into the first double loop of last round, 9 chain, 1 d.c. into the same loop, 6 chain, 1d.c. in the next loop.
[N.B. The garlands of medallions are to be attached to the centre by the present row. Each garland is to be attached by the two little loops of 7 just over the two stocks of the garland of 8, and the loop of 12 between them.]
Make 6 chain. Then make 1 d.c. into the loop of 7, to be seen over the first of the two unattached stocks of the first medallion of the garland. Make 6 chain, and one plain back on the next loop of 12 of the centre. Again 6 chain. Make 1 d.c. into the loop of 10 chainbetween the two stocks of the medallion of the garland.
Make 6 chain, 1 plain on the loop of 7 of the centre medallion, 1 plain into the 12 chain between the two loops of 10 chain between the two stocks of the centre medallion. Make 3 chain, and 1 plain back into the loop of seven of the centre medallion to make a loop; 6 chain, 1 d.c. on the next loop of 10 chain between the stocks.
Six chain, 1 d.c. on the next 12 chain of the centre. Six chain, 1 d.c. into the loop of 7 chain of the second stock of the same medallion of the garland. Six chain, 1 d.c. into the next 12 of the centre. Six chain. One medallion is now joined. Repeat from the commencement of the round, and join every medallion in a similar manner.
The Border of the Medallion Antimacassar
Make 1 d.c. between the points of seven chain, which join two garlands together. Make a guipure loop with two dots. Make a d.c. into every chain loop round the garland, and always take one between every place where two little loops of seven join two garlands.
Make a guipure loop with two dots between every d.c.
2nd Round. — 1 d.c. in every guipure loop between the dots. A guipure loop between every stitch.
3rd Round. — Like the second.
4th Round. — 1 d.c. into every guipure loop, with 9 chain between each.
5th Round. — One treble crochet into every stitch.
The Fringe. — A great deal of the beauty of the antimacassar depends on the size of the cotton and needle used in working it. No. 12 is the only size which will render the pattern effectual. Much of the style of the medallion antimacassar also depends on the fringe, which is not made with the same cotton. The rich effect is produced with only half the amount of labour by using the best beading cotton. Wind it over a book four inches wide; slip it off, double it, and cut one side. Fix two strands together in every other loop by pulling the doubled end through the crochet hook, and then slipping the cut ends through the loop thus produced. Pull the cut ends till the strands of cotton are tightly knotted to the antimacassar. Be sure the ends are even.