The Cushion Stitch is taken as in laid embroidery, so as to leave all the silk and crewel on the surface, and only a single thread of the ground is taken up. The stitches are arranged in a series of geometrical Vandykes or half circles across a material as a background. The stitch is more used in Berlin Work and Church Work than in fancy embroidery, but is occasionally required in the latter. When finished the ground presents the appearance of a woven fabric.
This stitch may be worked in a frame or in the hand.
Trace out on the material two parallel Vandyke or curved lines, an inch apart from each other. Bring the needle from the back of the work up in the lower line, and put it down in the upper line exactly above where it came out. Bring it out on the upper line, with but a thread of the material separating it from the first stitch, and put it down in the lower line. Continue to work the stitch with the precision and evenness of weaving until the lines are filled in.
To work that it will look alike on both sides:
When the needle is put down to the back of the work, bring it up again close to where it was first brought out, instead of close to where it was put down. This will fill the back of the flower or leaf with the same straight stitches that it fills the front part with.